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. 2013. 4. . 112122.

.112 100-  80- . . . .

: , , , II  I . . ., factiones.



,   , factiones partes. 6040- (   . .), , ( , ). , 1. factio Metellana ( Metellorum). , , : 123 . . ( ), 119 .  . , 117 .  . , 115 .  . , 113 .  . , 109 .  . ( ); 115 . , 102 . 2,   3. , 4. , . , . .113 , . , . , . , . 5. , , , , , , 6.

factio Metellana homo novus   . . , , . 7 (Plut. Mar. 4. 45). fides 8, , 109 . 9. , ,  , , . ,   (Sall. Iug. 4686; Plut. Mar. 710)10. , . , 100 . , lex agraria Appuleia, , 11.

.114 , , , , 12. ,   homo novus , , 13, , . : 91 .14   , , 15. , (   ) 95 . 16. -, 17.   , , 18.

? , 19  , , , , , - , 20. , , ? - , , , (καὶ διὰ λόγων καὶ διἔργων  Mar. 31. 1). : .115 21 , (quae ne perficeretur, Marii consulis et Furii tribuni plebi factionibus intercessum est  V. 17. 11). , . , ,   (Mar. 2526; 28. 8). , : , (Mar. 31. 1)22. , . , .

, . , , , 23. , , , 24.   , seditio Saturnini, 25. , , . ,   ( ) , , (. App. BC. I. 33. 147; Dio Cass. Fr. 95. 13). , , , : . , , . (, , , .)

. , 90- . . , . , , . .116 26. , , : 27, , . . . , , , 28, factio Metellana 90- 29. , . , 30   , - factio31. factio Metellana , , , -. , : 90- ?   80 .32, 33.   12398 . ( , 107100 . ), invidia .   , , , . , ,   , 34. - - 35.

.117 36, , . ,   , , 37. 38, . (Cic. De or. I. 229; Brut. 115). , , , , , (, , , ). , , ,   .

: (fr. 97. 3) , (καί τινα ὁ Μάριος αἰτίαν τῆς ἁλώσεως αὐτοῦ ἔσχεν). , , , factio 39. , (, , ) 40. , , factio Metellana ,   90- . , ,   , , , 41. , , . , : , , , (fr. 97. 3: καὶ ἐκεῖνος τῶν τε πραττομένων ἐν τῇ πόλει καταγνούς, καὶ ἀπαξιώσας τοιούτῳ ἔτι ἀνθρώπῳ συζῆσαι). , , , , , - 42. (, homo novus .118   , , .) ,   . ,   43.

: 44, , , .

, : , , . , , , , 45: 46. -47, , , 48. ,   , , , 88 .

, 88 . leges Sulpiciae, 49 87 ., 50. , ,   51, 89 ., 52: 53. , .119 . . , (milites repente vexillis totis clamoris exercitum Cinnae salutant et resalutantur), , , , (territus re nova), (Gran. Lic. 23F)54. (ὠνόμασε στρατηγόν), , , (Diod. XXXIX. 2). , (ἀπογνούς) (Plut. Mar. 42. 6)55.

- . . , , , , . . , , , 56. , - . , : ? , de facto 57.   . ? - , 84 ., . . (. ), , . (Liv. Per. 84). , ( , , )  , ? , , . , , , , 58.

? ?   , 59. .120 , , , . , , : , (Liv. Per. 76: Marsi quoque a L. Cinna et Caecilio Pio legatis aliquot proeliis fracti petere pacem coeperunt)60. , .

, 61, : 90 . . (, , ), 69 . . . 62, , , . , , , (Plut. Sulla. 31. 24)63. , , -: , , , , , ;   . , ,   64 84 .,65 66.

. , 100 . 67, - ,   , , .121 68. 88 . . , , . ,     .



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.122

Marius, Cinna and the Metelli
A. V. Korolenkov

The author considers that after the death of Saturninus there was a long-lasting peaceful period in the relations between Marius and the Metelli. The peace was not broken by any hostile undertakings from either side (Marius, for example, did not oppose the return of Mettellus Numidicus from exile openly). That could have been a result of the weakening of both sides and a sober estimate of their own forces. It was only the civil war which broke out in 88 BC that changed the situation. But the plans of revenge (if Marius had ones) were impeded by Cinnas position. Cinna had fought side by side with Metellus Pius during the Social War and seems to have been on good terms with him. Apparently, that was the reason why Cinna did not take any hostile steps against them.

Keywords: Marius, Cinna, Caecilii Metelli, politics in the Roman Republic, 8882 BC civil war in Rome, factiones.


  • *   , .

    , 29 2012 . : . . .

  • 1Shatzman 1974, 197198. , , .
  • 2Münzer 1899, 12291230; Broughton 19511952, I, 512513, 525, 528, 531532, 535, 545, 555, 566.
  • 3Meier 1966, 314, Anm. 8. , (II. 8. 2) , , . . , 340 . (Broughton 19511952, I, 136), . (Münzer 1901, 1428).
  • 4. Gruen 1968, 106135; Badian 1957, 321, 324, 325 etc.; Carney 1961, 1947; Scullard 2010, 38.
  • 5. Gruen 1968, 119, 198, 202203; Badian 1957, 324328; Kallet-Marx 1990, 129132.
  • 6 (Meier 1966, 182190; Brunt 1988, 445446), , . , (. Lintott 1994, 88), , , , . , amicitia.
  • 7 , , . Van Ooteghem 1964, 8384.
  • 8 , , (Plut. Mar. 45) (Carney 1961, 21), , , , (Weynand 1935, 1371). . , (Passerini 1934, 15)  .
  • 9Badian 1964, 145146. , . , .
  • 10 , , (. Steidle 1958, 74), , .
  • 11 . Van Ooteghem 1967, 165176. , 100 . (Plut. Mar. 28. 8; Broughton 1991, 9 ). , , , (Meier 1966, 314, Anm. 8).
  • 12 1994, 154 ( ); Van Ooteghem 1964, 249250; Scullard 2010, 51. , , (Lintott 1994, 101).
  • 13 , (Vell Pat. II. 12. 6: sextus consulatus veluti praemium ei meritorum datus).
  • 14 91 ., , , (Plut. Sulla. 6. 13; Mar. 32. 45; De vir. ill. 75. 6).
  • 15Cic. Ep. ad Brut. I. 5. 3; Passerini 1934, 351352; Frank 1955, 150. . .  , , (Badian 1957, 333; 1959, 301; Carney 1961, 4748). , , , ( . Passerini 1934, 352).
  • 16Cic. Balb. 49; De or. I. 66; III. 8; Brut. 211; Ep. ad Att. XII. 49. 2; XIV 8. 1. 9492 . (  . Gruen 1966, 43, nt. 67).
  • 17Plin. NH. XXXVI. 116: unde M. Scaurus pater, totiens princeps civitatis et Mariani sodalicii rapinarum provincialium sinus; Frank 1955, 150; Shatzman 1974, 202.
  • 18. 2011, 1416 ( ).
  • 19Münzer 1899, 1221; Weynand 1935, 1404; Schur 1942, 100; Broughton 19511952, II, 2; Badian 1957, 336; Carney 1961, 46; Van Ooteghem 1964, 251.
  • 20 , lex Appuleia , , , , , (Plut. Mar. 29. 6; App. BC. I. 30. 136).
  • 21 99 . (Broughton 19511952, II, 2).
  • 22 : 1994, 154; Badian 1959, 300.
  • 23. , , , (Passerini 1934, 352, nt. 2), 100 ., , (Broughton 19511952, II, 2; Kelly 2006, 179).
  • 24Cic. De red. sen. 37; Liv. Per. 69; Vell. Pat. II. 15. 4; App. BC. I. 33. 147149.
  • 25. , (Badian 1964, 149150).
  • 26Gruen 1966, 43. (1961, 47) , (1934, 354) , .
  • 27 (Cic. De red. sen. 37; De red. pop. 6; Münzer 1899, 1208, 1218) , , 90- .
  • 28 , , 100 . (Shatzman 1974, 204205). . , , (Luce 1970, 162163, 169).
  • 29practically head of the house of the Metelli (Badian 1957, 320).
  • 30 (Cic. Scaur. 46; Sest. 101; Plut. Sulla. 33. 3; Münzer 1899, 12341235), , 102 . (Cic. Rab. perd. 21; Broughton 19511952, I, 567).
  • 31. Shatzman 1974, 197222.
  • 32 (Broughton 19511952, II, 79). , , 97 . . ,   . (Gruen 1966, 41). , , .
  • 33. , , (Brunt 1988, 445 nt. 3), , 98 89 . , - principes.
  • 34. - (Kallet-Marx 1990, 133). , , ; , (Cic. Ep. ad fam. I. 9. 16).
  • 35. Luce 1970, 177178; Kallet-Marx 1990, 130134.
  • 36 92 ., - (1990, 126129, ) , 94 .
  • 37Liv. Per. 70; Val. Max. II. 10. 5; Dio Cass. XXVIII. 97. 12 ( ).
  • 38, - , , , , , , (1990, 123), . , - (Tac. Ann. III. 66; Kallet-Marx 1990, 123124), , .
  • 39 1989, 127; Badian 1957, 343; Van Ooteghem 1964, 267; Nicolet 1966, 546549.
  • 40Badian 1957, 343; Carney 1961, 50; Gruen 1966, 55; Luce 1970, 172.
  • 41Gruen 1966, 54; . - (Kallet-Marx 1990, 136137).
  • 42Cic. Sest. 37; Planc. 89; Liv. Per. 69; Plut. Mar. 29. 10; App. BC. I. 31. 140. , (Sest. 37), , (XXXVIII. 17. 4), , . , , (Kelly 2006, 111).
  • 43. , (Nicolet 1966, 548), . (Gruen 1966, 53), , , . , - .
  • 44Cic. De or. I. 227233; Nicolet 1966, 547548.
  • 45Badian 1957, 325, 328; Gruen 1968, 206208, 218219.
  • 46Passerini 1934, 355; Badian 1957, 343; Gruen 1966, 43, nt. 67.
  • 47 1989, 128; Badian 1957, 343; Carney 1961, 51; Van Ooteghem 1964, 267. , . , . , , (Frank 1955, 151). , : (. ).
  • 48Passerini 1934, 355; Gruen 1966, 43, nt. 67.
  • 49, , (Plut. Sulla. 6. 1823; Münzer 1899, 1235). (. Plut. Sulla. 6. 9).
  • 50 . Weynand 1935, 14091417.
  • 51Plut. Mar. 42. 56; App. BC. I. 69. 315; Diod. XXXIX. 2; Gran. Lic. 23F.
  • 52Münzer 1899, 12211222; Van Ooteghem 1967, 178180.
  • 53Gran. Lic. 1920F. , , 102 78 ., 99 . (Broughton 19511952, II, 4950).
  • 54. (Mar. 42. 5; Münzer 1899, 1222), . , (Lovano 2002, 44, nt. 64).
  • 55 (Mar. 42. 56).
  • 56Katz 1976, 330, 335; Bennett 1923, 21.
  • 57 1994, 227; Bennett 1923, 21; Van Ooteghem 1967, 181.
  • 58 . , imperator (Van Ooteghem 1967, 181), , ,   imperator . (, : Münzer 1899, 1222; Schur 1942, 138139; , . , , , ).
  • 59Gell. NA. XV 13. 6; Katz 1976, 335.
  • 60 . . , ( 1993, 579).
  • 61 , , : (Hinard 1985, 436, ).
  • 62. Broughton 19511952, II, 26, 131132.
  • 63 , (Münzer 1899, 1203; Carcopino 1947, 136; Van Ooteghem 1967, 183), . , , , . . 69 . (Hinard 1985, 113). : 69 . , , 40 , 82 .  27. , .
  • 64. , (Carcopino 1947, 122), .
  • 65Münzer 1899, 1222; Carcopino 1947, 122; Broughton 19511952, II, 60. (2002, 85) , 85 ., (1967, 191) 85 . . , , , : (84 .) per. 83,   per. 84.
  • 66Münzer 1901, 1286; Broughton 19511952, II, 60; Lovano 2002, 109.
  • 67, factio Metellana, 90- , -, (. ), .
  • 68 factio Mariana 90- (Badian 1957, 330335; Carney 1961, 4750; Gruen 1968, 192203) : , , factio , .
  • 1291164233 1405475021 1409175206 1442164029 1442488895 1442504413

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