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SALVIDIENUS RUFUS AND MARCUS AGRIPPA

Sabina Tariverdieva

Scholars usually assert that Salvidienus Rufus and Marcus Agrippa, two brilliant generals of Octavianus, were aspiring to the same position in his circle and that only after the execution of Salvidienus Agrippa became the first commander of the young Caesar. But the investigation of careers of these two men from 44 till 40 BC shows that they shouldnt be seen as totally comparable equals. Already in 43 BC their ways diverged, Agrippa and Salvidienus dealt with different tasks and none of them could be seen as a block on the way of the other. Agrippa rapidly ascended the successive steps of the traditional Roman cursus honorum and his military activity was conjoined with the civil one. As for Salvidienus, he played the role of an alternate, very valuable and important one, of course, but his participation was usually needed in unforeseen or difficult cases and his activity was for the most part the military one. After Salvidienus execution Agrippa had to take additional responsibilities and to deal also with Salvidienus tasks. The widened competence invariably leads to the extension of influence, but it is hardly possible to assert that the execution of the alternate opened a gate for a man already steadily following the cursus honorum for several years.

Key words: Salvidienus Rufus, Marcus Agrippa, Roman politics, civil and military activity


. . 2013: :  // . 2013. . 132140.

. . 2015: 4442 . . . // . 2015. . 17. . . 127150.


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  • 1 , , . . .
  • 2   .
  • 3Syme 1939: 129, n. 2; 201.
  • 4Rohr 1997: 29.
  • 5Roddaz 1984: 80; Powell 2015: 119.
  • 6Reinhold 1930: 24.
  • 7Rohr 1997: 3637.
  • 8Levi 1933: II. 31. Ann. 1.
  • 9Demougin 1988: 361, 588. . , , . Rohr 1997: 28. . . . . , . . , ex equestri ordine consul creatus est, , (Nicolet 1974: 10101011, n. 2). , , , , , . , , , (Vell. II. 76. 4; Suet. Aug. 66. 1; Dio Cass. XLVIII. 33. 2). , , .
  • 10  .: 2013, passim.
  • 11 44 . 42 . ( 2015: passim), .
  • 12. , , : 2015: passim.
  • 13Syme 1939: 129, n. 2.
  • 14Rohr 1997: 35.
  • 15Shackleton Bailey 2004: 253.
  • 16ego autem gratiam non habeo si quis, dum ne irato serviat, rem ipsam non deprecatur. immo triumphus et stipendium et omnibus decretis hortatio ne eius pudeat concupiscere fortunam cuius nomen susceperit, consularis aut Ciceronis est?
  • 17sed redeo ad Ciceronem. quid inter Salvidienum et eum interest? quid autem amplius ille decerneret?
  • 18 , , (XLVIII. 33. 2), , , : Vell. II. 76. 4  natus obscurissimis; Suet. Aug. 66. 1  infima () fortuna.
  • 19 2015: . 140141.  . .
  • 20 , , , 35 . 43 .  .: 2015: . 142143.
  • 21 , ,  . .
  • 22 , (BC. IV. 2): τοὺς δὲ ἀποφῆναι μὲν αὐτίκα τῆς πόλεως ἄρχοντας ἐς τὰ ἐτήσια ἐπὶ τὴν πενταετίαν (   . . , ), , , , , 43 .  . . , , , : Dio Cass. XLVIII. 20. 2.
  • 23Reinhold 1933: 28, n. 1.
  • 24 - 43 ., , , , (Dio Cass. XLVIII. 35. 2). 40 . (RRC 523), , 39 .
  • 25, , 41 . (App. BC. V. 26), , (Suet. Aug. 62. 1), , 42 . (App. BC. IV. 115; 130) , , , 38 . (App. BC. V. 8088, 96)  43 .
  • 26, , ,   , , , , (κοινῇ, XLVI. 55. 3) (XLVII. 15. 2), (XLVII. 15. 3; XLVIII. 32. 1).
  • 27 , 39 .  . .
  • 28  .: Vervaet 2007: 52.
  • 29 , , , , , , .
  • 30Gowing 1992: 183.
  • 31 , : Brunt 1971: 494.
  • 32. CIL X. 8337ag; RRC 523; Broughton 1952: 366; Wallmann 1975: 61. , , , , , 45 . , , (Inscr. Ital. XIII. 1. 1b = ILS. 69), , : Broughton 1952: 311312 .
  • 33Καὶ ὃς ἐκ μὲν τῆς Ἰταλίας τὸν Σέξτον ἀπεώσατο, ἀναχωρήσαντος δὲ αὐτοῦ ἐς τὴν Σικελίαν
  • 34App. BC. IV. 86: ἐν ἀριστερᾷ ἔχων Σικελίαν καὶ Πομπήιον
  • 35Hadas 1930: 77.  . : Gowing 1992: 183185.
  • 36Agrippa () tribunus plebi quietissimus fuit.
  • 37 42 . . : 2015: 143147.
  • 38. : Reinhold 1933a: passim, . . 181 . 21; Roddaz 1984: 49, n. 107.
  • 39Broughton 1952: 373. , , .
  • 40 : App. BC. V. 20: ἀνεῷχθαι δὲ τὰς Ἄλπεις τοῖς ὑπὸ Καίσαρος πεμπομένοις ἐς τὴν Ἰβηρίαν καὶ μὴ κωλύειν αὐτοὺς ἔτι Ἀσίνιον Πολλίωνα ( , , , . . ). . , : App. BC. V. 26, Dio Cass. XLVIII. 45. 1.
  • 41Reinhold 1933a: 181.
  • 42Reinhold 1933a: 181 n. 31.
  • 43. : Reinhold 1933a: 181. .-. , , , : cependant, si nous ignorons la position exacte de Pollion et de Ventidius, nous avons de bonnes raisons de penser quils ne se sont pas avancés très loin et ne menacent pas réellement le général dOctavien, .: Roddaz 1984: 54.
  • 44Jones 1963: passim; Benedetti 2012: 41.
  • 45Roddaz 1984: 51.
  • 46Wallmann 1975: 7478, .-. : Roddaz 1984: 51. , , . .-. .
  • 47Reinhold 1933a: 181. , , .
  • 48Wallmann 1975: 7885.
  • 49Roddaz 1984: 5455. . .
  • 50Roddaz 1984: 56.
  • 51  .: Reinhold 1933a: 181182; Roddaz 1984: 5256; Gowing 1992: 83, n. 65. Gabba 1971: passim.
  • 52 (BC. V. 35) , , : ἔνθα αὐτοὺς τῶν ἀμφὶ τὸν Ἀγρίππαν περικαθημένων πυρὰ πολλὰ ἤγειραν, σύμβολα τῷ Λευκίῳ. καὶ γνώμην ἐποιοῦντο Οὐεντίδιος μὲν καὶ Ἀσίνιος βαδίζειν καὶ ὣς μαχούμενοι, Πλάγκος δὲ ἔσεσθαι μέσους Καίσαρός τε καὶ Ἀγρίππου, χρῆναι δ᾽ ἔτι καραδοκεῖν τὰ γιγνόμενα: καὶ ἐκράτει λέγων ὁ Πλάγκος ( ). . . : (   . .), , , . , ; , : . . , , .: Wallmann 1975: 8791. ,   .
  • 53Benedetti 2012:  38 ()  913 ( ).
  • 54Reinhold 1933: 20, n. 52.
  • 55. : Roddaz 1984: 5860 .
  • 56  .: Wallmann 1975: 8791.
  • 57Broughton 1952: 373, 382 .
  • 58 , , (, , ): Brunt 1971: 496497.
  • 59Broughton 1952: 383 .
  • 60Reinhold 1933b: 19, 21.
  • 61 (XLVIII. 20. 2) , , ,   , . : Broughton 1952: 380.
  • 62  . Roddaz 1984: 63 .
  • 63 , , , , : App. BC. V. 64; Roddaz 1984: 6465.
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