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(Plut. Crass. 13. 35)?*

76/3 (2016), 626641.

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: , , , , senatus consultum ultimum, ,

Why Crassus Hated Cicero (Plut. Crass. 13. 35)?
Olga V. Lyubimova

Abstract. The article deals with the statement of Plutarch (Crass. 13. 5), according to which Crassus began to hate Cicero after receiving the anonymous letters warning about the Catiline conspiracy. The letters were delivered to Crassus under strange circumstances, transferred by him to Cicero and gave grounds for the passing of the senatus consultum ultimum. The hypothesis proposed here is that Crassus considered Cicero himself to be the author of the letters, and regarded the whole episode as his provocation with the aim of driving a wedge between Crassus and the conspirators and getting extraordinary powers from the senate.

Keywords: Crassus, Cicero, Catiline conspiracy, senatus consultum ultimum, anonymous letters, the Late Roman Republic

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  • * , XIX (, . , 24 2015 .)
  • 1᾿Εν δὲ τοῖς περὶ Κατιλίναν πράγμασι μεγάλοις καὶ μικροῦ δεήσασιν ἀνατρέψαι τὴν ῾Ρώμην ἥψατο μέν τις ὑπόνοια τοῦ Κράσσου, καὶ προσῆλθεν ἄνθρωπος ὀνομάζων <> ἀπὸ τῆς συνωμοσίας, οὐδεὶς δ ἐπίστευσεν. ὅμως δ ὁ Κικέρων ἔν τινι λόγῳ φανερός ἐστι καὶ Κράσσῳ καὶ Καίσαρι τὴν αἰτίαν προστριβόμενος. ἀλλ οὗτος μὲν ὁ λόγος ἐξεδόθη μετὰ τὴν ἀμφοῖν τελευτήν, ἐν δὲ τῷ Περὶ τῆς ὑπατείας ὁ Κικέρων νύκτωρ φησὶ τὸν Κράσσον ἀφικέσθαι πρὸς αὐτόν, ἐπιστολὴν κομίζοντα <τὰ> περὶ τὸν Κατιλίναν ἐξηγουμένην ὡς ἤδη βεβαιοῦντα τὴν συνωμοσίαν. ὁ δ οὖν Κράσσος ἀεὶ μὲν ἐμίσει τὸν Κικέρωνα διὰ τοῦτο. . . διὰ τοῦτο - , , (Plutarch 1963, 247).
  • 2-, (. Dio Cass. XXXIX. 10. 23), . , λόγος, , - : Rawson 1991, 409 ( 1982 .).  . Moles 1982.
  • 3Garzetti 1996, 122. 60 . (Cic. Att. II. 1. 1).
  • 4Garzetti 1996, 122.
  • 5Marshall 1974, 807808.
  • 6Ramsey 2007, 187.
  • 7Pelling 1985, 324325, n. 45.
  • 8Bertinelli 1993, 378.
  • 9 (καὶ προσῆλθεν ἄνθρωπος ὀνομάζων <> ἀπὸ τῆς συνωμοσίας, οὐδεὶς δ´ ἐπίστευσεν), , , 텻 (Ὅμως δ´ ὁ Κικέρων). , (αὐτόν): Schäfer 1830, 177.
  • 10παρασκευαζομένων οὖν ταῦτα αὐτῶν, μηνύεται τῷ Κικέρωνι πρότερα μὲν τὰ ἐν τῷ ἄστει γιγνόμενα διὰ γραμμάτων τινῶν, ἃ τὸν μὲν γράψαντα οὐκ ἐδήλου, τῷ δὲ δὴ Κράσσῳ καὶ ἄλλοις τισὶ τῶν δυνατῶν ἐδόθη, καὶ ἐπ αὐτοῖς δόγμα ἐκυρώθη, ταραχήν τε εἶναι καὶ ζήτησιν τῶν αἰτίων αὐτῆς γενέσθαι· δεύτερα δὲ τὰ ἀπὸ τῆς Τυρσηνίδος, καὶ προσεψηφίσαντο τοῖς ὑπάτοις τὴν φυλακὴν τῆς τε πόλεως καὶ τῶν ὅλων αὐτῆς πραγμάτων, καθάπερ εἰώθεσαν· καὶ γὰρ τούτῳ τῷ δόγματι προσεγράφη τὸ διὰ φροντίδος αὐτοὺς σχεῖν ἀφορμήσαντος, τήν τε χώραν αὖθις κατέδραμε
  • 11 , (Cic. Cat. I. 4  vicesimum iam diem; Ascon. 6  octavus decimus dies, ) , Cic. Cat. I. 1; 4; Sull. 52.
  • 12John 1887; Holmes 1918, 16, n. 1; 1923, I, 458, n. 5. . (Ward 1977, 181182, n. 29).
  • 13Potter 1925, 169172.
  • 14Todd 1952, 158159, . Dio Cass. XLI. 3. 3;  . Ramsey 2007, 141.
  • 15Gruen 1974, 68.
  • 16Stockton 1971, 114; Marshall 1976, 78; Ward 1977, 182; Piegdoń 2014, 121.
  • 17. . : Brunt 1957; Seager 1964, 346347. 츭 (Ascon. 93, . Sall. Cat. 19. 1);  .: Ward 1977, 145151; Rawson 1991, 410415.
  • 18Cary 1914, 149. οἱ δυνατοί . XXXVI. 24. 3 5 ( ), 43. 1 44. 1 ( ), 43. 4 ( , τὸ πλῆθος); XXXVII. 46. 1 51. 1 ( ); 49. 2 ( ); XXXVIII. 1. 1, 3; 2. 2 ( ); 29. 3 ( , ).
  • 19 , , , , , . , : Deknatel 1901, 35, n. 2.
  • 20Ward 1977, 182.
  • 21Stern 1883, 86.
  • 22Deknatel 1901, 3537; Hardy 1916, 194; Ward 1977, 178186.
  • 23Deknatel 1901, 3537.
  • 24Ward 1977, 185186.
  • 25Hardy 1916, 194.
  • 26Deknatel 1901, 3537.
  • 27 21 , 28 (Cat. I. 7); (. ).
  • 28 , .
  • 29 . , , , , : Deknatel 1901, 36. , , , (Cic. Cat. I. passim, . 25), .
  • 30Stockton 1971, 132. -, .  . Yavetz 1963; Wiseman 1994, 346349; Stewart 1995; Bugaeva 2005; Santangelo 2007, 183188.  . Brunt 1988, 482; Cadoux 2006, 616.
  • 31 , , .  (Cadoux 2006, 612618, ).
  • 32Hardy 1916, 194.
  • 33Ward 1977, 183185; Salmon 1935, 310315. . , , , . . Deknatel 1901, 37, , . . , , : Gelzer 1926, 313. .  . Marshall 1976, 89, n. 65.
  • 34Salmon 1935, 302310; Ward 1977, 128168.
  • 35 , , , ;  . Broughton 1951, 2, 166167. ,     .
  • 36. , .   : Sall. Cat. 30. 3.
  • 37Salmon 1935, 311.
  • 38 . Ward 1972.
  • 39Salmon 1935, 311.
  • 40 63 . (Cic. Mur. 10, 48)   , .
  • 41Levick 2015, 6466. . (Fezzi 2010, 89).
  • 42Stern 1883, 8586.
  • 43Heitland 1909, 96.
  • 44Ward 1977, 182.
  • 45. quidam L. Tarquinius (Sall. Cat. 48. 3)  , .
  • 46Ward 1977, 181.
  • 47Linderski 1996, 148, n. 14. . (Levick 2015, 63).
  • 48. , , . , : ( , ). , ; , : .
  • 49 , . Lyubimova 2013, 3132.
  • 50Frish 1948, 34.
  • 51Ward 1977, 185186,  . .
  • 52Erant eo tempore, qui existumarent indicium illud a P. Autronio machinatum, quo facilius appellato Crasso per societatem periculi reliquos illius potentia tegeret. Alii Tarquinium a Cicerone inmissum aiebant, ne Crassus more suo suspecto malorum patrocinio rem publicam conturbaret. Ipsum Crassum ego postea praedicantem audivi tantam illam contumeliam sibi ab Cicerone inpositam.
  • 53 63 ., , . , , .: Cic. Cat. I. 30; II. 14; Att. I. 14. 5; Fam. V. 2; Sall. Cat. 14. 7; 29. 1; Ps.-Sall. In Cic. II. 3; Dio Cass. XXXVII. 29. 34; 31. 3.  . Waters 1970, 195215, . 208, Seager 1973, 240248, . 244.
  • 54 , 55 . (. Dio Cass. XXXIX. 60. 1; Cic. Fam. I. 9. 20): Ramsey 2007, 187). : Hardy 1916, 208; Garzetti 1996, 123124. . (Deknatel 1901, 3940).
  • 55Ward 1977, 79, n. 24.
  • 56, Holmes 1923, 273; Syme 1964, 103104; Stockton 1971, 132; Batstone 1986, 111; Stone 1999, 58; Grethlein 2006, 320321; Fezzi 2010, 8889.
  • 57, , , , ., , Holmes 1923, 473; Marshall 1976, 80; Piegdon 2014, 121.  . Deknatel 1901, 39.
  • 58. , : Ward 1977, 180; , , 5 63 . ; 4 . . Garzetti 1996, 123124.
  • 59Ward 1977, 189190.
  • 60 . , , (Levick 2015, 79). , .
  • 61Stockton 1971, 132; Ward 1977, 179180; . , , : Marshall 1974, 806. , consulente Cicerone (Cat. 48. 6), . . . , , (conclamant indicem falsum esse deque ea re postulant uti referatur), . Bonnefond-Coudry 1989, 459460. , (auctor) .
  • 62Gruen 1974, 68.
  • 1418914887 1418915353 1418916582 1490435546 1490530351

    , .