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, , , , . , , , , , , ,  35.

.106 . 59 ., , , , . , 36. 37, , , , , . , , , , , (Cic. 30. 3; 33. 8). , , , 38. , , 58 ., ; , ,   , . , , . . (XXXVIII. 17. 3); , , , , , (XXXIX. 9). , 58 . : , . (id firmum erit), ; (Fam. XIV. 2. 2). , , , 39.

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, . , 58 . (Caes. BG. I. 52. 7). 57 . ; 41. 56 . , 42. (Plut. Crass. 17. 7).

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, , , . , (Plut. Cic. 36. 1);   . , 57 . (Cic. Har. resp. 12);   . , , . . , 57 .,   60 . , , : , , , , .110 47. . , , , -48. . , , , , , , - 49. . 50. , : 60 ., : , , 56 . (Cic. Prov. Cons. 22), , .

57 . , -, , (Cic. Har. Resp. 12). : , - . , , , (loc. cit.)51.


* * *

, . , 85 ., , 60 . , 5453 . , 49 . , , , . , 82 81 ., 5956 . , 50- , 55 . , 54 . , . , , , .111 . , . : ,   , . , -, , , , .

O. V. Lyubimova
The Sons of Crassus: The Problem of their Seniority and Political Position

The article deals with the problem of seniority of Crassus sons. The author argues that, contrary to the opinion of several modern researchers, Marcus was the elder son of Crassus born in the first half of 85 B. C., and Publius was the younger son born in 82 or 81 B. C. The latter didnt hold quaestorship or enter the senate. Nevertheless he served in Gaul under Caesar earlier than his elder brother. The supposed reason is Publius attachment to Cicero and his attempts to prevent the exile of the latter which troubled Crassus who was a political enemy of the orator. When Publius returned from Gaul, Ciceros influence on him weakened and he began to support his father in political and military affairs.


  • 1   . .
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  • 3Caes. BG. V. 24. 3; VI. 6. 1. , . . , , , 55 . : Syme R. Op. cit. P. 404405. . . , , , , . 58 . , , , 54 ., .
  • 4Sumner G. V. Op. cit. P. 7.
  • 5.: Cic. Brut. 308; Plut. Crass. 6. 1; Keaveney A. Who were the Sullani? // Klio. 1984. Vol. 66. P. 130.
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  • 7  .: Broughton T. R. S. The Magistrates of the Roman Republic. N. Y., 1951. Vol. II. P. 226, 231.
  • 8Crawford M. H. Op. cit. P. 780781; , ( 130 . 4846 .), . . : Lintott A. W. The Constitution of the Roman Republic. Oxf., 1999. P. 139.
  • 9Plut. Crass. 6. 25: .
  • 10. , , , , 86 ., (Brut. 280283), (. 84 .) (. 82 .)  .: Münzer F. Op. cit. Sp. 291. , , . , , 86 ., . .: Sumner G. V. Op. cit. P. 148149 ( ) P. 159169 ( ).
  • 11Ը . . . ., 1969. . 73.
  • 12Mattingly H. B. Op. cit. P. 190191.
  • 13Mattingly H. B. Op. cit. P. 200.
  • 14Sumner G. V. Op. cit. P. 149150.
  • 15Ward A. Marcus Crassus and the Late Roman Republic P. 5556.
  • 16Syme R. Op. cit. P. 403408.
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  • 20Mattingly H. B. Op. cit. P. 190191.
  • 21Crawford M. Op. cit. P. 8388. SC : , , - : Ibid. P. 606609.
  • 22Mattingly H. B. From Coins to History: Selected Numismatic Studies. Ann Arbor, 2004. P. 231, 259, 288.
  • 23Ibid. P. 288. . , SC , ; , , 55 . : Harlan M. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 63 BC to 49 BC: Aspects of Ancient Classical Coins. L., 1995. P. XIVXVI, 119125. , . : Hollstein W. // The Numismatic Chronicle. Vol. 156. 1996. P. 354356; McCabe A. // The Numismatic Chronicle. Vol. 172. 2012. P. 367369. . , , SC , . , , 55 . .
  • 24  .: Hillard T. W. The Sisters of Clodius Again // Latomus. 1973. Vol. 32. P. 508. : Cass. Dio. XXXVI. 17. 2.
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  • 26Cass. Dio. XXXIX. 56. 5; Ios. Fl. AI. XIV. 6. 1; BI. I. 8. 6.
  • 27 : Caes. BG. I. 52. 7; II. 34; III. 20. 1. : Caes. BG. V. 24. 3; VI. 6. 1.
  • 28Ward A. Marcus Crassus and the Late Roman Republic P. 5556.
  • 29Ibid. P. 55.
  • 30.: Plut. Crass. 46; Syme R. Op. cit. P. 404. , - .
  • 31Cic. Fam. V. 8. 4; XIII. 16. 1; Brut. 281282; Plut. Crass. 13. 5; Cic. 33. 8.
  • 32Schol. Bob. 349352; Suet. Caes. 11; Plut. Crass. 13. 2.
  • 33.: Sall. Cat. 17. 6; 48. 49; Plut. Crass. 13. 3; Cass. Dio. XXXVII. 35. 12.
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  • 35Cic. Brut. 281282. , , : -, (Brut. 233); -, , ,   , , . . : Baroin C. Remembering ones Ancestors, Following in their Footsteps, being like them. The Role and Forms of Family Memory in the Building of Identity // Children, Memory and Family Identity in Roman Culture. Oxf., 2010. P. 2728.
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  • 38Cic. Sest. 39; Har. Resp. 47. , , , , , ,   . , .
  • 39. , , , (Ward A. Marcus Crassus P. 242245), . Att. II. 22. 5 (.: Shackleton-Bailey D. R. Ciceros Letters to Atticus. Cambr., 1965. Vol. I. P. 397, ). , 58 . (Cic. Q. fr. I. 3. 7), , , , (Suet. Caes. 14. 2). , , (Q. fr. I. 3. 8; Att. III. 15. 3), (Att. III. 15. 3) , , , (.: Plut. Cic. 25). , . , .
  • 40 (13. 4) , ; , , (33. 7). , : (XXXIX. 10. 1), , , . .: Cic. Pis. 3436 .
  • 41Caes. BG. II. 34; III. 79; Oros. VI. 8. 79.
  • 42Caes. BG. III. 2027; Cass. Dio. XXXIX. 46; Oros. VI. 8. 1922.
  • 43Plut. Crass. 15; Pomp. 52; Cat. Min. 41; Cass. Dio. XXXIX. 2731.
  • 44Babelon E. Description historique et chronologique des monnaies de la République romaine. P., 1885. Vol. II. P. 134 (Licinia 18); Grueber H. A. Op. cit. Vol. I. No. 39013906. P. 487. N. 1.
  • 45Mattingly H. B.. The Denarius of Sufenas P. 200201.
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  • 49Ward A. Op. cit. P. 204. Note 38. , , , . , , 61 .: , .
  • 50Marshall B. Op. cit. P. 120121.
  • 51.: Marshall B. Op. cit. P. 135. N. 40.
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