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Temple of Mars Ultor at Forum of Augustus: Bis Ultor

Sabina Tariverdieva


According to widespread opinion, Augustus pushed the initial sense of the Temple of Mars Ultor (i. e. vengeance for Caesars murder) to the background but attached to it his achievement in the sphere of foreign policy  the returning of Roman standards from Parthians. Author is trying to prove that the situation was quite the opposite  the returning of the standards suggested to Augustus an idea to attach an additional sense to the temple decreed for this achievement and to make it a symbol of the vengeance for Caesars murder.

Keywords: Temple of Mars Ultor, Forum of Augustus, returning of Roman standards, Roman standards, vengeance for Caesars murder, Mars Ultor, Bis Ultor.


  • 1 . . , .
  • 2   , .
  • 3θυσίας ἐπ αὐτοῖς καὶ νεὼν ῎Αρεως Τιμωροῦ ἐν τῷ Καπιτωλίῳ, κατὰ τὸ τοῦ Διὸς τοῦ Φερετρίου ζήλωμα, πρὸς τὴν τῶν σημείων ἀνάθεσιν καὶ ψηφισθῆναι ἐκέλευσε καὶ ἐποίησε.
  • 4Rich 1998, 8990.
  • 5Bonnefond 1987, 272273.
  • 6White 1988, 339.
  • 7.: Simpson 1977, 9194; Simpson 1993, 116122 ( . p. 116, n. 1); Rich 1998, 7997 ( . p. 82, n. 4143)
  • 8Simpson 1977, 93.
  • 9Simpson 1977, 93.
  • 10Rich 1998, 85.
  • 11Rich 1998, 77, n. 26.  .: Ibid., n. 27.
  • 12Rich 1998, 86.
  • 13Rich 1998, 86.
  • 14RIC I. 59, 6367 ( ), RIC I. 7374 ( ).
  • 15 - Digital Augustan Rome, Haselberger 2002, .
  • 16 . : Cassola 1981, passim. , . : Simpson 1993, passim.
  • 17Syme 1986, 42; Bonnefond 1987, 271272; Zanker 1988, 194195; Rich 1998, 88; Sumi 2005, 240241.
  • 18Zanker 1988, 3537; 2011, 106109; White 1988, 336338; Zarrow 2007, passim.
  • 19Platner-Ashby 1929, 286.
  • 20Platner-Ashby 1929, 143.
  • 21 , ., , 40 . : RRC 525/1, 525/2, 526/1, 526/3.
  • 22. . 40 . : RRC 525/3, 525/44c, 526/2, 526/4, 534/1, 534/2, 535/2.
  • 23Osgood 2006, 328333.
  • 24Herbert-Brown 1994, 9899.
  • 25Taylor 1931, 201; Rich 1998, 88.
  • 26. : Rich 1998, 88;  .: Taylor 1931, 201; Stamper 2005, 130, 132. . .
  • 27Zangemeister 1885, 102
  • 28 19 .: Weinstock 1971, 131132; Herbert-Brown 1994, 98. , , 42 . (RRC 494/79, 1618, 497/3) 2927 . (RIC I. 274), Ultor. : .
  • 29Mommsen 1863, 84.
  • 30Mommsen 1863, 84; Zangemeister 1885, 102103.
  • 31Charlesworth 1934, 29; 1949, 230231; 2011, 107.
  • 32CIL. XI. 6721; Benedetti 2012; Weinstock 1971, 128132; Kienast 2009, 241242.
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  • 34. , , (passim): Dewar 1988; Dewar 1990; Hölscher 1990; Cecioni 1993; Tilg 2008.
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  • 36Broughton 1952, 357.
  • 37Herbert-Brown 1994, 98108.
  • 38Herbert-Brown 1994, 103, 105
  • 39Zanker 1988, 202203.
  • 40Fishwick 2003, passim.
  • 41Rich 1998, 88.
  • 42  . . - (1994, 100102).
  • 43 ,   , .: Rich 1998, 115120. , .
  • 44Rich 1998, 120123.
  • 45. . 35.
  • 46., , White 1988; Zarrow 2007; Kienast 2009
  • 47Herbert-Brown 1994, 99100.
  • 48Herbert-Brown 1994, 98.
  • 49 2012, 337339.
  • 1418917596 1448177860 1448179765 1462484775 1463085224 1463085239

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