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70- I . . .
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. 2013. 2. C. 148157.

.148 . 70- I . . . , : . (76 .), . (74 .) . (73 .). , , , 70 .

: , , , , 70 .




. ,   , . , , , . , , . 70- 1, , . (Crass. 811). : , (Crass. 7), (Crass. 2).

- , , : 70- , 2. , , 70 ., . . .149 , , .

, 3. 70- , 4. , , , 5. , , .

(Hist. III. 48. 8) 73 . , ( 76 .); - (Div. in Caec. 8 p. 103 Or.). , 78 . (Gran. Lic. XXXVI. 34 Fl.), 78  77 . (Sall. Hist. I. 55, 17; 77, 14). , 6, , , , 7. 78 ., , - .   , , - .

(Brut. 216) , (Hist. III. 48. 8)  . 76 , . 76 . 8 ; 10 9. , , .

, . . 109 10. (Hist. II. 23), (boni) . .150 , , 11. .

, , , 12. . , 73 ., , (circumventus) (exitium) (Hist. III. 48. 8. 10). , , , . , . , (, )13.

  , . (Crass. 7) : , , , , , : . , (. Plut. Quaest. Rom. 71). , . , , 76 . , , , , ,  14. , . 15. , , : fenum () fenus (); , ,   .

, (Att. VII. 3. 11). 50 . ; -, . .151 : , - (. . .  . .), (, .  . .) : , , . , , , , 16. , , , 17; , (Plut. Crass. 3). (Cat. 48. 56) (Crass. 7), , , 18.

, , , - , ; , , (ex negotiis privatis), . , , (Plut. Crass. 3); , , (Parad. stoic. VI), , (Crass. 2). , , , ; , , , .   , . - , . , , ( ) . , , , 19.

74 . . (ignobilis  Cic. Cluent. 111112) , 4345 20. , , 21. , , , 22. 23, , . (Hist. III. 48. 11) , .152 , , , , . , (Luc. 5. 4). , . , . , , , 24. , , . 76 , . , , , , , . , , , 25. , .

, . 72 . . , (Front. Strat. II. 5. 34), (Plut. Crass. 11. 4)26. 70 . , , , , 27. 68 . , (Plut. Luc. 33. 5). (Hist. IV. 71), , : (Dio. XXXVI. 2. 2)28.

. . 29 , , , . , . 70 68 . 74 . , 70 . . 74 . , 68 . .153 30. . 72 . , , 31. , . (Crass. 10) , , ; , 32. , , , . , , 33.

, 73 . 8483 . 34. ; , , .

. , , 35. , 100 . (Cic. Rab. 7)36. , 63 . .

73 . . , , , , 37. . (Hist. III. 48) , . , (2123): (.  . .) () , , , .154 , , , , . , , , , , . , , , , . , , , ,   , , 38 (. . . ). , , 73 . , , 39. . . 40 , . , , .   , . , , ,   , , . , 70 ., , (, , ) 41. 73 . 42. , , , , 43. , , .

, , ; , . 66 . , , 44. , . (IX. 12. 7), .155 (repetundae). (maenianum), , , , , . ; , . (Cic. 9. 12), (κλοπή) , , , , . , , .

, . -, , (peculatus) 66 . , (Cic. Cluent. 94). -, (Att. I. 4. 2): . , , . , , , 45. -, , , : . -, , , , , , (Suet. Aug. 72). , , , .

, (illo damnato), , , 46. , . , . , , - , 47. , - (), . , .

(Cic. 9. 2), , . , , . . , , , , 48, . .156 . 49, , , , 66 . . , , . , 70 . , 8281 . 66 . , , , , . , 50.

, , 66 . . , , . ,   , .

. . , , , 70- , , , 51. , . , , , , . , , . , , , . 70 ., 52. , , 71 ., , 53.   , 75 .54 , , , 70 . , . .




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Marcus Licinius Crassus and Plebeian Tribunes of the 70s BC

O. V. Liubimova

The author explores the political activity of M. Licinius Crassus in the 70s BC. Scarce and dispersed evidence of the sources shows that he had political contacts with three plebeian tribunes: Cn. Sicinius (76 BC), L. Quinctius (74 BC) and Licinius Marcus (73 BC). All the three campaigned for the restoration of the tribunes rights restricted by Sulla, and thus created a basis for the reform of the offi ce carried out by Pompeius and Crassus during their consulate of 70 BC.


  • * . . , , . . . . . . .
  • 1   .
  • 2Gelzer 1926, 298302; Adcock 1966, 1519; Marshall 1976, 1417; Ward 1977, 6582.
  • 3Liv. Per. 89. . Keaveney, 2005, 140141, 213; Griffin 1973, 203204, , , .
  • 4  . Marshall, Beness 1987, 361378.
  • 5, : Cic. Corn. ap. Ascon. 76 C; Liv. Per. 97; Ps.-Ascon. 103 Or.; Schol. Gron. 397 Or. , : Cic. Verr. I. 4445; Leg. III. 22. 26; Vell. II. 30. 4; Plut. Pomp. 22. 3; App. BC. I. 121; II. 29. . - , : McDermott 1977, 4952; Ward 1977, 104. . . , , - : Seager 2002, 37; 203; Marshall, Beness 1987, 375. . . . , , (Garzetti 1996, 101102; 2007, 130131).
  • 6Sall. Hist. I. 65. 77. 14; App. BC. I. 107; Gran. Lic. XXXVI. 34 Fl.; Flor. II. 11, 24; Iul. Exuperant. 36.
  • 7. 2009, 225, 234.
  • 8Broughton 1951, 98; 1972, 118, 125.
  • 9Hieron. Chron. 173. 2 (1930).
  • 10Sumner 1973, 22.
  • 11. Sall. Hist. I. 12; 2007, 130143.
  • 12Cic. Brut. 216217; Sall. Hist. II. 2526; Quintil. XI. 3. 129; . Val. Max. IX. 14. 5; Plin. NH. VII. 10. 55.
  • 13. McDermott 1972, 389390; Gruen 1995, 24; Keaveney 1992, 220. (1987, 367) , .
  • 14. , 76 . (. . ). . Cadoux 1956, 154. . (1977, 65) , , , . , , , (οἱ ἄλλοι ἐν τῇ πολιτείᾳ), . 76 . , , , (coercitio). . Lintott 1999, 130.
  • 15Ward 1977, 7778.
  • 16Shatzman 1975, 416.
  • 17  . Frederiksen 1966, 128141.
  • 18. Gelzer 1969, 114; Ward 1977, 7778.
  • 19. Gruen 1995, 28; 2007, 123.
  • 20 (Cluent. 110) , (annos ad quinquaginta natus), . , 57 (Sumner 1973, 119).
  • 21Sall. Hist. III. 48. 11; Plut. Luc. 5. 4; Ps.-Ascon. p. 103 Or.; . Cic. Cluent. 110112.
  • 22 : Cic. Cluent. 79; Brut. 223; : Cic. Cluent. 77, 111; : ibid. 74, 94, 103, 108109, 111113, 136.
  • 23Cic. Cluent. 77, 108, 110.
  • 24Keaveney 1992, 5859.
  • 25  . Cic. Cluent. 7296; 103116; 136137; . 77; 136. . Ps.-Ascon. p. 127, 141 Or.; Schol. Gron. p. 395 Or.; Gundel 1963, 10021004; Alexander 1990, 175178.
  • 26 , , (. Ward 1977, 94; Broughton 1951, 125).
  • 27Schol. Gron. p. 386 Or.: L. Aurelius Cotta legem tulerat, ut equites cum senatoribus iudicarent, assistente Quinctio, tribuno plebis, vel Palicano ( , , , , ). : 70 ., 74 .,   71 . , 74 ., ; .
  • 28Sall. Hist. IV. 71; Plut. Luc. 33. 5; Dio. XXXVI. 2. 2; Keaveney 1992, 115;  . Broughton 1951, 141.
  • 29Marshall, Beness 1987, 373.
  • 30 (1987, 372376) , 70-     , .
  • 31Plut. Crass. 10; App. BC. I. 118; Marshall 1973, 109121 ( ).
  • 32. Lintott 1999, 114116: , .
  • 33, , . (1995, 28, 40, 73, 175, 187).
  • 34Crawford 1974, 370,  354/1. .  , (1968, 2526, 30, 34, 3638).
  • 35Cic. Leg. I. 7; Liv. VII. 9. 5; . Münzer 1999, 1247; Ogilvie 1965, 712; 2005, 135139.
  • 36 ; 73 . (Alexander 1990, 171).
  • 37 (X. 42. GL. II. 532. 24) : , , . . Sall. Hist. I. 77. 122; Cat. 28. 4; Gran. Lic. XXXVI. 3638 C.
  • 38Cauendus dolus est () Itaque simul conparant delenimenta et differunt uos in aduentum Cn. Pompei, quem ipsum, ubi pertimuere, sublatum in ceruices suas, mox dempto metu lacerant. Neque eos pudet, uindices uti se ferunt libertatis, tot uiros sine uno aut remittere iniuriam non audere, aut ius non posse defendere. Mihi quidem satis spectatum est Pompeium, tantae gloriae adulescentem, malle principem uolentibus uobis esse quam illis dominationis socium, auctoremque in primis fore tribuniciae potestatis. Verum, Quirites, antea singuli ciues in pluribus, non in uno cuncti praesidia habebatis, neque mortalium quisquam dare aut eripere talia unus poterat.
  • 39Gruen 1995, 25, 44; Stockton 1973, 209210; Taylor 1942, 11; . . , (1971, 20). . , , (1990, 449450); (. ).
  • 40Rossi 1965, 137140.
  • 41. Gelzer 1943, 910.
  • 42 . (1972, 852).
  • 43, . , , , (Seager 1992, 214; 2002, 35).
  • 44. . , 73 . (1987, 374).
  • 45 : , .
  • 46 . . , , ( ) (1967, 216217).
  • 47, , , - , .  ., , 1986, 8586, 102105.
  • 48Ward 1977, 116117.
  • 49Gruen 1967, 217.
  • 50-, (1967, 216217): , , ,  .
  • 51Marshall, Beness 1987, 378.
  • 52. Cic. Verr. I. 43; Leg. II. 26.
  • 53. Marshall, Beness 1987, 374377.
  • 54  . Marshall, Beness 1987, 368370. : Münzer 1939, 677680.
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