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(Dio Cass. XLIX. 4): *

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, , . , , , . : , , , ,   . , , : , , , :   47.

.158 . , , : . , : , . τὸν ἄνδρα τὸν σωθησόμενον . , :   , , , . ,   , , , 44 .

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1. . . 1958: - . .

2. . . 2007: .  . . . . .

3. . . 2001: . . . . .

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Agrippas Advice to his Comrades (Dio Cass. 49. 4): An Essay of Interpretation

Sabina E. Tariverdieva

The author of the article contests two main interpretations of Agrippas advice to his associates reported by Cassius Dio (49. 4). The followers of the first view believe that Dios information is just a product of his own fantasy and has nothing to do with Agrippa. The supporters of the second interpretation believe that Dios account is quite reliable and therefore proves that Agrippa bewared of Augustus and that he really had such a bad opinion about rulers. It is argued in the article that the advice entirely corresponds to the common policies of Augustus and Agrippa in terms of strengthening the power of the princeps. A new interpretation of the advice is suggested: Agrippa recommended his associates to show modesty and leave their fame to the Emperor in order to secure as much as possible honour and authority for Augustus. It is very likely that Agrippas advice to his associates was the result of his common planning with Augustus.

Keywords: Marcus Agrippa, Augustus, principate, Sicilian War, refusal of triumph, Cassius Dio.


  • * .
  • 1Dio Cass. XLIX. 4: ὀψὲ δ οὖν ποτε καὶ πρὸς νύκτα ἤδη οἱ τοῦ Καίσαρος ἐκράτησαν, οὐ μέντοι καὶ ἐπεδίωξάν τινα, ὡς μὲν ἐμοὶ δοκεῖ καὶ τὸ εἰκὸς συμβάλλεται, ὅτι μήτε καταλαβεῖν αὐτοὺς ἐδύναντο, καὶ ἐς τὴν γῆν, βράχη ὧν ἄπειροι ἦσαν ἔχουσαν, ἐφοβήθησαν ἐξοκεῖλαι· ὡς δέ τινες λέγουσιν, ὁ ᾿Αγρίππας, ἅτε καὶ ὑπὲρ τοῦ Καίσαρος ἀλλ οὐχ ὑπὲρ ἑαυτοῦ μαχόμενος, ἐξαρκεῖν οἱ τὸ τρέψαι τοὺς ἀντιπάλους ἡγεῖτο. καὶ γὰρ εἰώθει λέγειν πρὸς τοὺς πάνυ ἑταίρους ὅτι οἱ πλείους τῶν ἐν ταῖς δυναστείαις ὄντων οὐδένα ἐθέλουσι κρείττω σφῶν εἶναι, ἀλλὰ τὰ μὲν πλείω, ὅσα γε καὶ πρόχειρον τὴν νίκην ἔχει, αὐτοὶ δι ἑαυτῶν ποιοῦνται, τὰ δὲ δὴ χείρω καὶ ἀτοπώτερα ἄλλοις προστάττουσι. κἂν ἄρα ποτὲ τῶν ἀμεινόνων τι ἀναγκασθῶσί σφισιν ἐπιτρέψαι, βαρύνονταί τε καὶ ἄχθονται τῇ εὐδοξίᾳ αὐτῶν· ἡττᾶσθαι μὲν γάρ σφας καὶ κακῶς πράττειν οὐκ εὔχονται, οὐ μέντοι καὶ παντελῶς τι καταπράξαντας τὴν δόξαν αὐτοὺς λαβεῖν αἱροῦνται. δεῖν οὖν παρῄνει τὸν ἄνδρα τὸν σωθησόμενον τῆς μὲν δυσχερείας αὐτοὺς τῶν πραγμάτων ἀπαλλάττειν, τὴν δὲ δὴ κατόρθωσίν σφων ἐκείνοις φυλάττειν. ἐγὼ δὲ ὅτι μὲν ταῦθ οὕτω πέφυκε καὶ ὅτι καὶ ὁ ᾿Αγρίππας ἐπεμελεῖτο αὐτῶν οἶδα, οὐ μὴν ἔν γε τῷ τότε παρόντι τοῦτ αἴτιον τῆς οὐ διώξεως αὐτοῦ γράφω· οὐδὲ γὰρ οὐδ εἰ πάνυ ἐβούλετο, οἷός τε ἦν ἐπισπέσθαι σφίσιν.
  • 2Blumenthal 1913, 287.
  • 3Reinhold 1933, 39, nt. 77.
  • 4 (Reinhold 1988, 2526), , , , , , .
  • 5Gowing 1992, 196, nt. 43.
  • 6. Millar 1964, 35, , , , , , . , .
  • 7Gardthausen 1891, I, 744; II, 415, Anm. 37.
  • 8Roddaz 1984, 65, 125126.
  • 9Roddaz 1984, 65, 125126. , , , , (Roddaz 1984, 76, 529). . . (Charlesworth 1933, 174175).
  • 10Plin. NH. VII. 148: (ut fatentur Agrippa ac Maecenas). fateor , . , , - .
  • 11 , , : 2012, . 22.
  • 12 2012, . 23.
  • 13  . 2007, 92125.
  • 14   , .
  • 15. Broughton 1952, 375, .
  • 16 , . . Frontin. Aquaed. 9; Shipley 2008, 2628; Roddaz 1984, 149, nt. 59.
  • 17 .  . 2012, . 414.
  • 18  . 2012, . 1718; 3137.
  • 19 . Beard 2007, 53, 63.
  • 20  . 2012, . 2030.
  • 21 . Roddaz 1984, 9495.
  • 22 23 . , . , , , .  . 2013, 158177.
  • 23  . Roddaz 1984, 339351.
  • 24 , , (Dio Cass. LIII. 27. 3), , , . (. ), .
  • 25., , Syme 1939, 337, 389; Crook 1996, 8687, 92; Kienast 2009, 107, 114.
  • 26., , Freudenburg 2014, 106.  . Fullerton 1985, 473483 , .
  • 27Cic. Rosc. Amer. 111: Non enim possumus omnia per nos agere; alius in alia est re magis utilis. Idcirco amicitiae comparantur ut commune commodum mutuis officiis gubernetur.
  • 28Sen. De benef. 7. 12: Non enim mihi sic eum amico communia omnia sunt, quomodo eum socio, ut pars mea sit, pars illius, sed quomodo patri matrique communes liberi sunt, quibus eum duo sunt, non singuli singulos habent, sed singuli binos.
  • 29Konstan 1997, 127130.
  • 30 1958, 676, 1733; Liddel-Scott 1996, 700, 1939. , , , ἑταίρος. 56- (38. 3), , , ἑταίροι . , , .
  • 31Roddaz 1984, 541548.
  • 32Vell. II. 71. 1, , ; Plut. Brut. 4042; 53. 1; App. BC. IV. 38.
  • 33  . Syme 1986, 201202, 205209 (. , 33 .).
  • 34 . Syme 1986, 202205, 210211.
  • 35Syme 1986, 212.
  • 36Reinhold, 1972, 119121.
  • 37Münzer 1999, 318325.
  • 38Syme 1986, 190.
  • 39  . Hinard 1985, 487488.
  • 40Roddaz 1984, 548.
  • 41ILGR. 230; Dio Cass. LIV. 20. 3; . Syme 1934, 127 ( , ); 1939, 391, nt. 1 ( ); 1986, 223, 321, 333, 393.
  • 42Flor. II. 31: Marmaridas atque Garamantas Quirinio subigendos dedit. Potuit et ille redire Marmaricus, sed modestior in aestimanda victoria fuit.
  • 43., , 2001, 5659, .
  • 44Dio Cass. XLVIII. 49. 4: ὅς (ὑπάτευε δὲ μετὰ Λουκίου Γάλλου) τὰ μὲν ἐπινίκια οὐκ ἔπεμψεν, αἰσχρὸν εἶναι νομίσας τοῦ Καίσαρος κακῶς πεπραγότος γαυρωθῆναι.  . 2012, . 2030.
  • 45Beard 2007, 214218.
  • 46Dio Cass. LIV. 24. 8: καὶ διὰ τοῦτο οὐδ ἄλλῳ τινὶ ἔτι τῶν ὁμοίων αὐτῷ, ὥς γε καὶ ἐγὼ κρίνω, ποιῆσαι τοῦτο ἐδόθη, ἀλλὰ μόναις ταῖς ἐπινικίοις τιμαῖς ἐγαυροῦντο.
  • 47Reinhold 1933, 93; Eck 1984, 138139; Hickson 1991, 124138.  . Wardle 1994, 5864, . , , : , 19 14 . , , , , (Wardle 1984, 63)? , , , , : , , . : ( 7 . . .), .
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