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. .

*

. . 17. , 2015. . 151175.

.151 : 6665 . . ., : 65 ., . . , . , , . , , , , . . , , , , . ; . , , , . ; , .

:

, , , , , , , , , ambitus, , pecuniae repetundae,


Abstract: The article explores the relationship between three political events of 6665 B. C., which were the factual basis of the propagandistic myth about the First conspiracy of Catiline. The myth was laid down when in the second elections of 66 B. C. P. Sulla, condemned and debarred from consulship, tried to support Catiline against his own former rival and prosecutor Torquatus with the help of armed gangs. But Catiline was not admitted to the elections, so he formed an alliance with Manilius, a popular leader accused of extortion, and broke down his trial expecting to receive a good turn from Manilius during his own impending trial on the same charge. Among the instigators of these disturbances was Cn. Piso, a friend of Catiline and an enemy of Pompey, trying to win over Pompeys ally Manilius. Crassus participation in these events is not attested and seems improbable, but soon he promoted the extraordinary appointment of Piso to a post of propraetor of Spain. In the propaganda of their political opponents the electoral alliance of Sulla and Catiline and the disturbances organized by the latter during the trial of Manilius were interpreted as a conspiracy to seize power schemed by Sulla, Catiline and their allies Piso and Autronius. The enemies of the .152 first triumvirate inserted into this story the name of Crassus as an initiator of the conspiracy, and the accusation seemed plausible because he had openly sought the appointment of Piso to Spain.

Key words:

Catiline, Crassus, Publius Sulla, Gnaeus Piso, Manilius, first conspiracy of Catiline, political propaganda, elections in the Late Roman republic, bribery, ambitus, extortion, pecuniae repetundae, disturbances.

, 66 .1, I . . . , 2. , 66 . , , , , , , , , 65 ., . . , , 65 . ,   (Cic. Cat. I. 15; Sull. 11, 6768; Sall. Cat. 18. 5; Liv. Per. 101; Ascon. 83, 92; Suet. Iul. 9. 1; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 44. 3). , , 65 . (Cic. Cat. I. 15; Mur. 81; Sall. Cat. 18. 5; Liv. Per. 101) (Cic. Sull. 68; Sall. Cat. 18. 5); (Iul. 9. 1), ,   . , 29 66 ., , (Cic. Cat. I. 15; Sall. Cat. 18. 6)3. , (Cass. Dio XXXVI. 44. 45). 5 , , (Ascon. 83, 92; Sall. Cat. 18. 6). , (Iul. 9. 2) (, , ) , , . , ,   (Suet. Iul. 9. 3). , , , , .153 (Ascon. 9293; Sall. Cat. 19; Suet. Iul. 9. 3; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 44. 45).

. : (ap. Ascon. 83; 8889; 9293), (15) (81) (11, 6768). 64 ., , , . 츭. 63 ., , , . 63 ., , , , . . 62 ., . 6665 .   ( ) . , 4.

(Cat. 1819) , ; 5. (Iul. 9) , (, -, ): , 6. (101) . (83; 8889; 9293) 66 65 ., , 츭 7. , , (Ascon. 83): ; , .154 , 8. (XXXVI. 44)  , , 9 , .

XX , ; 10. , . 11 . , . . 12, , 13. 60- . , , -, . . 50- . , . , , , . , 6665 . . . .

, : 65 ., ; ; . .155 , . , , , . , 14. , 15, , 16, 17. : 18, 19. , , . , , , , , .

1. 65 .

66 . . . , . . . , (Sall. Cat. 18. 2; Ascon. 75; 88; Suet. Iul. 9. 1; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 44. 3). 66 . , , , . , , (consilium) . (89), ; , , (Sall. Cat. 18. 3).

, . (Att. I. 2. 1) , 65 .20 .156 (professio) , 66 . 21. , , , , 22. , : , , 23. , : 51 . , (Cic. Fam. VIII. 4. 2)24. , . ; -, . , consilium , 25.

, , , . . (Cat. 18. 23) , . (XXXVI. 44. 4) , 65 . , ; , , 26. , , professio27. , (68) : 1) ; 2) . . : , , , 28.

.157 . , 66 . , , , - . , , , , , (Ascon. 88). 65 . (Ibid. 62) 66 .; , 29.

: ? ? ? , , . . 66 . , , (Cic. Sull. 6)30. , , .

. -, (67 .) (65 .). 36 , 39 , 31. 67 . 36 , 66 . 65 . 38 . 39 , 65 .32 -,   64 . (Ascon. 88), . , , , 33.

.158 , , 66 . , . .

. , , .

, , . , , , . , (Cic. QF. III. 3. 2, .: Plut. Pomp. 11)34. 35, , (Cic. Sull. 25)36. (ILS. 8888), (Ascon. 66)37. , 65 . (Ascon. 60 C), 56 . (Cic. Fam. I. 1. 3; 2. 12; 4. 1)38. , .

. , , (Suet. Iul. 9. 12; Ascon. 83), , 39. , , , (Ascon. 8283; Sall. Cat. 17. 7; 48. 49; Plut. Crass. 13; Cic. 1)40. , 66 ., 41. , 73 . .159 42. , , , , 43. , , 66 . , 44.

, . , 66 . , , . , , 45. ,   . , , 67 . (Cass. Dio XXXVI. 38), , . (Cic. Sull. 89; Off. II. 29; Gell. XII. 12. 2) , 46, .

-, : (Cic. Sull. 15),   (Cic. Sull. 68)47. . . , ; 48. 49, , , .

.160 , , , . , , 50: (Ascon. 85). , , , , , : 51 , , (Ibid. 8283)52.

. -, (Cic. Sull. 81: adfuerunt Catilinae illumque laudarunt). , 62 . - (accusati sunt uno nomine consulares), , , 53. consilium ; . , , . -, (advocatus) , 65 .,  (Cic. Sull. 81).

. , . 66 ., , 65 . 66 . , , 54. , , consilium, .

, - 64 ., . , , , 65 . . , .161 55, . . , 56: , , , 57. : 58, . .

2.

. , 66 ., , 66 ., ; 59. , ; , , , . . : , ; , - , (quo ea pecunia pervenerit). , , 10 , . , 60.

66 . ; , . , , 29   .162 , , . , , . , , , . , 61.

, ( , ), , , , 62. , , , 63. (Plut. Cic. 9) . -, , , , , . , , . -, , , 64. , ; , , ( ) ( ). , . , (.: Plut. Cic. 9) .163 , , , 65. , .

, , . , , , , - , , , . , , -, (Plut. Cic. 9; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 44. 2): , , .

66 ., , . (Cat. I. 15) , , . 66. , , : qui nesciat te pridie Kalendas Ianuarias Lepido et Tullo consulibus stetisse in comitio cum telo, manum consulum et principum civitatis interficiendorum causa paravisse, , 66 .67 63 . . , 64 . (Ascon. 92)68.

. , 29 66 . , , , 69. . , , , , (ILS. 8888), (Cic. Sull. 81)70. .164 , , , (. ), , 71. , . , , , . . 72. . , , , , , , 73. . (Ascon. 5960). , , 74.

୸ : 29 66 ., , (Cat. I. 15)75. , . : , , . , , , . , auctoritas . , , , - 76.

65 . : , (Ascon. 60, 66 C). .165 , , ; , , , . 77. ,     65 . , 66 ., , . . . , , , , , , maiestas 78. , , , , , . , , nominis delatio nominis delatio. , , , (XXXVI. 44. 2) , , , . , , , , (meis alienissimum rationibus: Ascon. 66). , , 79.

80. , , , , 66 . 81. , (magni homines), . (Ascon. 66)82. , (83), 65 . . (XXXVI. 44. 4) . , , .166 (Ascon. 60). . , , ; , , 83.

  , , 29 (Cass. Dio XXXVI. 44. 5). , (κατ αὐτῶν); ; , , . , . , 62 . ; , .

, , , 1 5 , (Sall. Cat. 18. 58)84. , , , .

୸ . (Ascon. 66). , , , (Sall. Cat. 19. 1; Ascon. 92). (VI. 2. 4) , . , , . , -, 66 . 6968 .85 , ?

, 86; 87; - 88; .167 89. ; , , .

, . , (VI. 2. 4) , , , , . , , , , , . , , . .

, , , , . , , . , , 90. ; , -, . , , , , , .

. , , , , 91. , . 29 67 ., , , ( ). (Ascon. 45; 65; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 42. 14). : ( [ ] , , ) .168 , [], , , . , , .

. . , , , 92. , , , .   , . . . , , (.: Ascon. 65)93. : , : , , .

, . , , 94. (Ascon. 45),  95. (Ibid. 65), (feriae), (Varr. L. L. VI. 29)96. -, , (Dion Hal. IV. 14. 34), 97. , , , , 98,  , , . , , 99, , , .

.169 ? , . , . , , 100. ( ), ( ). , , 6968 .101 , , . , , , , .

, , 65 . , . , , . , : 66 ., (Ascon. 66). ; . , . , .

3. .

, 5 , . (adnitente Crasso), . , , , (Sall. Cat. 19. 1, .: ILS. 875; Ascon. 9293; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 44. 5). , (ultro extra ordinem) , , .170 (Iul. 9. 3)102. , , . , . ,   . , (Ascon. 93). , (Sall. Cat. 19. 1), (Ascon. 8283), 103.

. , , , 104. : . (ILS. 875), - ( , ) . , , ,  ? : 105, , , . 106, , 107. (Cat. 19. 2) (XXXVI. 44. 5) : , , 108? , .

. , pro praetore, , .171 , . - : , 75 . (Sall. Hist. II. 43)109. , . ( ) , , , -   , 110. , , extra ordinem (Suet. Caes. 9. 3)111. , - 112, ୸ , , . (Ascon. 92).

, . , (Sall. Cat. 19. 2). , (Sall. Cat. 19. 34; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 44. 5); , , (Sall. Cat. 19. 5; Ascon. 92). , , , , 113.

, , , 114; , 115. , , , 64 . (Ascon. 83)116, 63 . (Sall. Cat. 48. 48). (Sall. Cat. 17. 7; Plut. Crass. 13; Cic. 15) , , , .172 (Sall. Cat. 48. 9). .

4.

? , 65 . , , , . . , , , . , 66 . .

, , 64 . , , -, . , 29 66 .

, . , , , . , , , .

, . .

. , . .

6563 . : , , 117. . 62 . , , . , 66 ., .173 66/65 . . , , , 65 . . , : . , , 6665 .118

50- ., , (Iul. 9)119. , 64 . , 4 63 . , , . 60- . 120; , 63 . , . 66/65 . , . , , (83), (Iul. 9). -, : , , , , .


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  • 26Sumner G. The Consular Elections P. 227.
  • 27Ibid. P. 228  . .
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  • 31Sumner G. V. Orators in Ciceros Brutus: Prosopography and Chronology. Toronto; Buffalo, 1973. P. 710.
  • 32, , .
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  • 43 . . 73 . . .:  // ( ).
  • 44 , 6664 .  .: Brunt P. Three Passages P. 193195; Seager R. Op. cit. P. 346347.
  • 45Gruen E. Notes P. 22; Philips E. Asconius magni homines P. 355.
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  • 49.: . 12.
  • 50Cary M. Rome in the Absence of Pompey // CAH. 1932. Vol. IX. P. 475; Sumner G. The Consular Elections P. 229230; Ramsey J. Cicero P. 124125.
  • 51Ramsey J. Cicero P. 24.
  • 52Sumner G. The Consular Elections P. 229230.
  • 53, (Ascon. 87).
  • 54Sumner G. The Consular Elections P. 230231.
  • 55Marshall B. Catiline P. 133.
  • 56Sumner G. The Consular Elections P. 231.
  • 57.: Cass. Dio XXXVI. 44. 4, , .
  • 58 .: Cic. Mur. 4546.
  • 59 : Ascon. 60, 6466; Plut. Cic. 9; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 44. 12.  .: . . 6665 . . .:  // . 2013. . 13. . 239252.
  • 60Ramsey J. The Prosecution of C. Manilius in 66 B. C. and Ciceros pro Manilio // Phoenix. 1980. Vol. 34. P. 323332.
  • 61 (XXXVI. 44. 1) (. ).
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  • 63 . . . . . 244, . : Ramsey J. P. The Prosecution P. 331.
  • 64Ramsey J. The Prosecution P. 330331
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  • 68Seager R. Op. cit. P. 342345; Gruen E. Notes P. 2122.
  • 69Gelzer M. Sergius Sp. 1697; Frish H. Op. cit. P. 3233; Phillips E. Cicero P. 601603; Ramsey J. The Prosecution P. 323. N. 3; . . . . . 248.
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  • 72Gruen E. Notes P. 2324.
  • 73Phillips E. Cicero P. 602.
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  • 75Gruen E. Notes P. 24; Phillips E. Cicero P. 602603; Ramsey J. The Prosecution P. 324. N. 6. . , , , .
  • 76 (Cic. 9).
  • 77Ramsey J. Asconius P. 60 (Clark), Prima Pars: The Trial and Conviction of C. Manilius in 65 B. C. // AJPh. 1985. Vol. 106. P. 368370 ; . . . . . 247248. maiestas .: Schol. Bob. 109 St.
  • 78 . . . . . 247248.
  • 79Seager R. Op. cit. P. 345. N. 30; Ramsey J. Asconius P. 369. N. 4; P. 370. N. 6.
  • 80.: Ramsey J. The Prosecution P. 335336.
  • 81Ward A. Politics P. 551.
  • 82  .: Gruen E. Notes P. 2324. . . : Phillips E. Asconius magni homines P. 353357; Ward A. Politics P. 550551. .  . .
  • 83Marshall B. The Vote P. 318320; Ramsey J. Asconius P. 369. N. 5.
  • 84Phillips E. Cicero P. 606.
  • 85Gruen E. Pompey and the Pisones // CSCA. 1968. Vol. 1. P. 160162. . . 븭 , : . . . . . 240. . 4.
  • 86Stevens C. Op. cit. P. 426429; Gruen E. Notes P. 2324.
  • 87 . . . . . 242. . 12; 250.
  • 88Phillips E. Asconius P. 355357.
  • 89Ward A. Politics P. 550552; . . . . . 249250.
  • 90, , (Cic. Leg. Man. 69; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 42. 2). .: Ward A. Politics P. 551; . . . . . 250.
  • 91Ward A. Politics P. 551552.
  • 92Ward A. Politics P. 546.
  • 93 . . . . . 241.
  • 94Ensslin W. Die Demokratie und Rom // Philologus. 1927. Bd. 82. S. 323; Rübeling K. Untersuchungen zu den Popularen. Düsseldorf, 1958. S. 25; Taylor L. R. Party Politics P. 22; Meier Chr. Populares // RE. 1965. Suppl. 10. Sp. 556; 593.
  • 95Lintott A. Violence in Republican Rome. Oxf., 1968. P. 76.
  • 96Ibid. P. 134, 143.
  • 97Ibid. P. 8081; Vanderbroek P. Popular Leadership and Collective Behaviour in the Late Roman Republic. Amsterdam, 1987. P. 101120; 227.
  • 98.: Millar F. The Crowd in Rome in the Late Republic. Ann Arbor, 1998. P. 36 , , .
  • 99Vanderbroek P. Op. cit. P. 227.
  • 100 88 ., ( ) ( ) (Ascon. 64),   (App. BC. I. 5556).
  • 101Gruen E. Pompey P. 160162.
  • 102  .: Syme R. Op. cit. P. 9697.
  • 103 . . ; .: Brunt P. Three Passages P. 193195; Seager R. Op. cit. P. 346347.  .: Rawson B. Op. cit. P. 410415; Ward A. Marcus Crassus P. 145151.
  • 104Seager R. Op. cit. P. 346, .: Marshall B. Cicero P. 810.
  • 105  .: . . 70 . . .:  // Studia Historica. 2013. . 13. . 154157.
  • 106Gruen E. Pompey P. 159160; Ward A. Politics P. 551; Marshall B. Crassus P. 7071.
  • 107 : Cary M. Op. cit. P. 478479; Salmon E. Op. cit. P. 305306; Jones F. Op. cit. P. 412413.  .: Marshall B. Crassus P. 7071.
  • 108Salmon E. Op. cit. P. 306. N. 25.  .: Brunt P. Italian Manpower 225 B. C.  A. D. 14. Oxf., 1971. P. 471472.
  • 109Balsdon J. Roman History, 6550 B. C.: Five Problems // JRS. 1962. Vol. 52. P. 134135.
  • 110Balsdon J. Op. cit. P. 135; Seager R. Op. cit. P. 346; Marshall B. Crassus P. 70. 66 ., ,  .
  • 111Brennan T. C. Op. cit. P. 516.
  • 112.  , - (provincia) : Brennan T. C. Op. cit. P. 516; , , (ultro  Suet. Iul. 9. 3).
  • 113Gruen E. Pompey P. 160.
  • 114Stevens C. Op. cit. P. 417.
  • 115 6968 ., , .: Ward A. Marcus Crassus P. 140.
  • 116. . 103.
  • 117Gruen E. Notes P. 2122.
  • 118Seager R. Op. cit. P. 342343.
  • 119Henderson M. De commentariolo petitionis // JRS. 1950. Vol. 40. P. 1314.
  • 120Ward A. Ciceros Fight against Crassus and Caesar in 65 and 63 B. C. // Historia. Bd. 21. Ht. 2. 1972. P. 244258.
  • 1291164233 1405475021 1409175206 1457070846 1457826586 1459229093

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