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. 2015. 3. C. 4569.


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. . (Clodius Plotius Claudius Plautius)77. o au 78. C , .   , ,  79. , , 80, , . , , , . . 81. (. . 3).

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, . . . 87. , . (Crass. 1) . (), (), . -, 70 . (), , , 88. -, (), 6763 . (App. Mithr. 95; Flor. III. 6. 9; RRC 431), 56 . , (Cass. Dio XXXIX. 16. 2), 54 . (Cic. Planc. 17; 53; RRC 431), 51 .  (Cic. Fam. V. 15. 1), 4948 .59 , , 89. . 90, . . 91. : , (Cic. Flacc. 20; Ascon. 35 C), 58 . (RRC 423), 56 . , (Cic. Fam. I. 1. 3), 5352 . , (Ascon. 35 C; Val. Max. IX. 5. 3). , , , , , .

, : ? , 92, , , ; , . (. , . . ) . . , - : , . , , , , 93. , 73 . 33 (Vell. II. 53. 4), , 94 . , , , ,   , , , , , .

, , , , 70- . , , 7673 , ( , ), 95. .60 , , , , , 96. , 70 ., , , 97. 73 . .

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, , , , , , ,   , , , . , , 101. , , 102, , .61 -, 103, , , . , (Sall. Hist. III. 48. 3, 5), , , 104.

, , , . 75 . (Ps -Ascon. p. 200 Or.), , 105. , , 70- , ( ), , , (Sall. Hist. III. 48. 811), 74 . , 106. , 73 . - , (Sall. Hist. III. 48. 2123). ,  . , , - .

, . (4548) , : , , . 63 . ( , ). .62 , 73 ., , , . , , , , , , : , 76 ., , , 107, , 75 ., (. ), , 75 . , , (. . 104). , , , : , , .

, : , , 108, , -, 109. , . -, , ,  , , . -, , 110, . , ; , , , 111. -, 114/113 ., 112; , , , , . , -, .63 : , 113 ., .

, , . . - 7271 ., 113, , , . .  , ( ) 73 .: , , 114. , , . : () , 7371 . 71 . , , 115.

, . , . . , : , , 116. 73 , . , . . , , . , . 114/113 ., , , 117. , , .64 , , . , , , .

, , 118. 67 , , , , , , , , , , (Plut. Luc. 34). , 66 . , 67 . , , , , , , 119.

, , . -, : , ; , (Cass. Dio XXXVIII. 5. 12; . . 88). -, , , (Plut. Luc. 34. 23; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 14. 34), , 120, (Cass. Dio XXXVI. 16. 3: οὐδ ὁπωσοῦν στασιάζοντας ἔσχε; 46. 1),  , , . -, , , 67 ., ; , - , 121. -, , 58 . - (Cass. Dio XXXVIII. 15. 6); , 122 123, , 124. , 56 ., 6160 , , , 125 .65 (adfinis et sodalis) , , ( ), 60 . (Cic. Har. Resp. 45). , , , , . , ( - ) ; , 70  60- .

, . , 126. , 113 . , , . , . ,   ; 127. . , , , : , 128 (Plut. Cat. Min. 19. 3; . . . ). -, . , , , , ; , (Cat. Min. 5. 12). .  ,     , , 129.

, , , , . 87 ., , , , , 130. .66 131. , , . , 63 ., , , , , (Sall. Cat. 35. 1. 6).   , , . , , , , .

, , -, ( 114 .) , . , I ; , . , 113 . , (Ascon. 4546 C). 132, , , , . , , , , , , , , , . , 72 . , 71 ., , , .

, 73 . , , - . , , 70- . .



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.69


The Trial of Vestals of 73 B. C.: Political Aspect

Olga V. Liubimova

The article deals with several procedural issues concerning the trial of the Vestals in 73 B. C. (the date of Crassus praetorship and the possibility of prosecuting a praetor in the pontifical court; the problem of two acquittals of Catilina; the meaning of Clodius speech). The political aspect of the trial is also analyzed. It is observed that there must have been some quite weighty evidence against the Vestals and that the verdict of conviction in the pontifical court would have led to the capital punishment of the accused, not to the exile as was the case in criminal courts of the Late Roman Republic. The author advances the hypothesis that the accusation of the Vestals and their alleged lovers was initiated by Pompey through his adherents Plotius and Clodius. Pompey had the reasons to expect that Crassus, praetor in 73, would try to restore the powers of tribunate, and he sought to prevent Crassus from doing that because he wanted to profit from passing this law himself. The indictment of Fabia and Catilina was aimed at drawing additional public attention to the trial of theVestals and at increasing the danger for Crassus.

Keywords: trial of the Vestals, Pompey, Late Roman Republic, pontifical courts, Crassus.


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      .

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  • 77Cadoux 2005, 178.
  • 78Tatum 1999, 247248.
  • 79Cadoux 2005, 178179.
  • 80 , (, , 249 79 . ), 429 ., 380 . ; .
  • 81Münzer 1920, 4244.
  • 82Twyman 1972, 853862.
  • 83Twyman 1972, 857, 871872.
  • 84Twyman 1972, 860.
  • 85Ward 1977, 75;  . .
  • 86Twyman 1972, 860.
  • 87Gruen 1974, 41; Ward 1977, 75; Ravizza 2006, 89.
  • 88  . Broughton 1951, 128;  . Broughton 1951, 130. Not. 4;  . Smith 1957, 8285. . (1972, 4352) , , , . . (2001, 6574) , . . (2004, 519521) (, , ) 71 . (Verr. II. 5. 152), , , . , (Liv. Per. 89: omne ius legum ferendarum ademit). . (1985, 168169), , , , . , , (Cic. Verr. II. 5. 151).
  • 89Cic. Fam. XIII. 29. 4; . Münzer 1951, 89; Broughton 1951, 263, 277.
  • 90Gruen 1974, 41.
  • 91Ward 1977, 75; Ravizza 2006, 89.
  • 92., , Polyb. XXXI. 29. 812; . Gelzer 1969, 8385.
  • 93Plut. Crass. 6. 5; 7;  . 2013, 8182.
  • 94Broughton 1951, 81, 90, 112.
  • 95 2013, 148157.
  • 96 2013, 147149; Santangelo 2014, 510, .
  • 97 2013.
  • 98Plut. Cic. 9. 2; . 2013, 155156.
  • 99Gelzer 1943, 910; Rossi 1965, 137140; Twyman 1972, 852.
  • 100Seager 1992, 214; 2002, 35.
  • 101Plut. Sert. 27. 3; Katz 1983, 359362. 20 (Vell. II. 46. 4; Cass. Dio XL. 25. 4), . , , , 52 , 73 ( 2005, 222224).
  • 102 65 . (Ascon. 79 C: inimicus tribuniciae potestatis, . 60 C Vax. Max. VIII. 5. 4).
  • 103 , , 73 . (Brennan 2000, 487488, 834. Not. 84), ; , , (Cic. Verr. II. 2. 1924; . Ps -Ascon. 209 Or. ( ); Broughton 1951, 109). . Eutrop. VI. 7, , (Maurenbrecher 1891, 7071).
  • 104, , 75 . (Sall. Hist. III. 48. 8; . II. 4549), (Ascon. 67, 78 C). , , , 70 . , , (Cic. Verr. I. 44).
  • 105ILS. 8888; Münzer 1939, 673674, 677680.
  • 106Cic. Verr. II. 1. 155156; Ps.-Ascon. P. 200 Or.; . Santangelo 2014, 8.
  • 107Sall. Hist. III. 48. 8, 10; 2013, 150.
  • 108Weinrib 1968, 3537.
  • 109, (Cic. Verr. I. 38; Mommsen 1887, 326; Weinrib 1968, 43), , . (1990, 7778), (Weinrib 1968, 3943).
  • 110Taylor 1942, 400403.
  • 111 ( ), , ., : Cic. Att. I. 4. 4; V. 21. 13; VI. 1. 67; Fam. XIII. 54; 55. 2; Q. Fr. I. 2. 1112; Plut. Mar. 38. , , , , , . ., (Cic. Sen. 64; Johnson 2007, 161).
  • 112 , 73 .
  • 113 72 . , -, , 71 . , (Marshall, Beness 1987, 374377).
  • 114Cadoux 2005, 179.
  • 115 2013, 150157.
  • 116Ravizza 2006, 9.
  • 117 , 216 .   (Liv. XXII. 57. 27).
  • 118Smith 1957, 84; Stevens 1963, 422423; Ward 1968, 806809; Hayne 1974, 282. Not. 20.
  • 119Twyman 1972, 870872; Hillard 1982, 39. Not. 36; Moreau 1982, 180181; Williams 1984, 230; Tatum 1991, 569579.
  • 120Cic. Leg. Man. 26; Cass. Dio XXXVI. 15. 3; Plut. Luc. 35. 34. . Brunt 1971, 455.
  • 121Cass. Dio XXXVI. 17. 3; Stevens 1963, 423. Not. 1.
  • 122Tatum 1999, 265. Not. 99.
  • 123Lacour-Gayet 1889, 5.
  • 124Hillard 1982, 40. Not. 37 ( . ).
  • 125, , , 54 . (. Cic. Fam. III. 4. 2).
  • 126, 2001, 293. . 26.
  • 127Rawson 1974, 206208; . Cornell 1981, 3637; Wildfang 2006, 9495.
  • 128τῇ πόλει δεῖν ἔχειν ἔφη χάριν αὐτόν, ὡς ἐκείνης ἕνεκα πάντα ποιῶν καὶ πολιτευόμενος.
  • 129Cadoux 2005, 175.
  • 130App. BC. I. 74; Schol. Bern. ad Lucan. II 173;  . 2009, 222223.
  • 131Sen. De Ira III. 18. 12; Schol. Bern. ad Lucan. II 173;  . Marshall, 1985b, 125127. : ,   -; . (1985b, 132133). , (  . Marshall 1985b, 124125); , - , , (loc. cit.: Catul minor eius filius a Sulla petiit ut mortem patris de Mari vindicaret interitu), (loc. cit.: Catilinam iussu Sullae hunc Marium Gratidianum occidisse).
  • 132Johnson 2007, 223227.
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