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78/2 (2018), 257281.

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The Political Purpose of Servilius Rullus Bill
Olga V. Lyubimova

The paper analyzes Ciceros hints at the architects of Servilius Rullus agragian bill of 63 B. C. E., hostile to Pompey, and makes an attempt to identify these persons and their aims. The author argues that Crassus and Caesar stood behind the back of Servilius Rullus, and his bill should not be viewed as Pompeian or anti-Pompeian. It was a partnership proposal offered to Pompey by Crassus and Caesar. Pompey could use the law to make land allotments to his veterans, but it would be possible only if he made an alliance with its architects.

Keywords: Servilius Rullus agrarian bill, Cicero, Crassus, Caesar, Pompey, land allotments for veterans, ager publicus, Late Roman Republic

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  • 1Bce   .
  • 2 , . Hardy 1924; Afzelius 1940, 214235; Ward 1972, 254255, : Ferrary 1988, 149155 ( , ); Drummond 2000, 126153 ( , ).
  • 3Mommsen 1941, 146148; Deknatel 1901, 3133; Holmes 1923, 242249; Salmon 1935, 308309; Afzelius 1940; Gelzer 1968, 4245; Siani-Davies 1997, 313.
  • 4Hardy 1924; Jonkers 1963 passim, . 79 ( 65 . ), 44, 72, 101102, 114; Luzzatto 1966 ( , , . p. 92, 97); Stockton 1971, 8491; Ward 1972; Mitchell 1979, 178205; Brunt 1988, 266, 481483; Wiseman 1992, 349; Meier 1995, 157158; Williamson 2005, 64; Blänsdorf 2015, 8384, 9192.
  • 5Drumann 1964, 143; Sage 1921 ( ); Agnes 1943, 4041.
  • 6Syme 1964, 9899. . (Minieri 2002, 4549) - ( ), .
  • 7Gurvich 1949, 241250. . (Gabba 1973, 450451, 452, 458) , , .
  • 8Strasburger 1938, 109117; Taylor 1942a, 17; Fontanella 2005, 155164, . 158 . 28, 30, 36, 191 ().
  • 9Sumner 1966, 569582. . (Seager 2002, 6869, 214, n. 53), , , .
  • 10Havas 1976, 131132, 151154; 1977, 4447,
  • 11Gruen 1974, 389396; Drummond 1999, 153162. . . (Matyushkina 2013, 9398), , , , ; , , (Matyushkina 2016, 916).
  • 12Walter 2013, 1522.
  • 13Afzelius 1940, 221; Gurvich 1949, 246; Syme 1964, 98; Stockton 1971, 8990; Ward 1972, 251252; Mitchell 1979, 183184; Siani-Davies 1997, 312313; Matyushkina 2013, 96; 2016, 9.
  • 14Strasburger 1938, 111117.
  • 15Taylor 1942a, 17; Fontanella 2005, 156157, n. 30.
  • 16Ward 1972, 247248; Drummond 1999, 155.
  • 17Bennett 2016, n. 16. 2; Chrustaljow (forthcoming); Tariverdieva 2017, 620621. ; . : Badian 1967; Braund 1983, 2427, . Khrustalyov 2014, 142143, . 1.
  • 18Marshall 1976, 66; Chrustaljow (forthcoming); ,   ,  (Ward 1972, 247250).
  • 19Sumner 1966, 574, 579.
  • 20Drummond 1999, 155156.
  • 21Gelzer 1968, 4041. . - (Siani-Davies 1997, 312).
  • 22Tariverdieva 2017, 623628.
  • 23. . 13, Strasburger 1938, 111; Taylor 1942a, 17; Fontanella 2005, 156158, n. 30; 191.
  • 24Sumner 1966, 573; Gruen 1974, 389; Drummond 1999, 159160.
  • 25Sumner 1966, 573574.
  • 26 , . Ward 1972, 245246.
  • 27Havas 1977, 4447.
  • 28 . Lyubimova 2015b, 154155.
  • 29Havas 1977, 4445.
  • 30Sumner 1966, 567568.
  • 31 , . Plut. Cic. 12 , , . Afzelius 1940, 226227; Havas 1977, 4546.
  • 32 . .
  • 33 . Matyushkina 2013, 9495.
  • 34 : Strasburger 1938, 113; Sumner 1966, 573; Drummond 1999, 160.
  • 35Havas 1977, 46.
  • 36 : Cic. Fam. XIII. 8. 2.
  • 37Drummond 2000, 126153.
  • 38Afzelius 1940, 221, Anm. 5. . . , ( ) (Matyushkina 2016, 1011). , . , .
  • 39Drummond 1999, 160.
  • 40 . Lyubimova 2015b, 169172, .
  • 41. , . 11.
  • 42Hardy 1924, 7477.
  • 43Gabba 1973, 453458.
  • 44Ferrary 1988, 154155.
  • 45Ferrary 1988, 155; Sumner 1966, 568.
  • 46 (Havas 1977, 47).
  • 47Drummond 1999, 160161.
  • 48 : Afzelius 1940, 228229; Ward 1972, 254256; Mitchell 1979, 192; Fontanella 2005, 191; Blänsdorf 2015, 8384, 9192.
  • 49Gurvich 1949, 247248.
  • 50Sumner 1966, 581; Drummond 1999, 161.
  • 51Sumner 1966, 581.
  • 52Gruen 1974, 392; Walter 2013, 21.
  • 53Rising 2015, 421422.
  • 54. , 63 . (Walter 2013, 21).
  • 55 63 . , , , (Leg. agr. II. 2122). 59 . : , - , , ; ,   (. . . ).
  • 56Afzelius 1941, 224226; Mitchell 1979, 191193, , , , , Hardy 1924, 8384; Gabba 1973, 452. . , 17 , . . (Luzzatto 1966, 100104). .
  • 57Sumner 1966, 581.
  • 58Hardy 1924, 9091.
  • 59 , (Gurvich 1949, 247248),   optimate generals (Drummond 1999, 161).
  • 60Brunt 1971, 455456.
  • 61Cic. Att. II. 19. 4: (. . . ); IX. 2a. 1; Prov. cons. 41; Vell. II. 45. 2; Quintil. XII. 1. 16. . Rising 2015, 196221.
  • 62 59 . . Broughton 1951, 191192.
  • 63. Mitchell 1979, 192.
  • 64. Broughton 1951, 168171, 164 ( ).
  • 65 .
  • 66Sumner 1966, 581; Drummond 1999, 161.
  • 67Gurvich 1949, 248.
  • 68 , , , (Cic. Leg. agr. I. 10; II. 5657, . Ferrary 1988, 155). ; (Ferrary 1988, 151153; 156157).
  • 69. Rising 2013, , , , (Rising 2013, 204).
  • 70Gurvich 1949, 249.
  • 71Drummond 1999, 160, n. 146. . Havas 1977, 4647.
  • 72Cic. Leg. agr. II. 59: Volitat enim ante oculos istorum Iuba, regis filius, adulescens non minus bene nummatus quam bene capillatus.
  • 73Harvey 1972, 113114.
  • 74 , (diu) , , 61 . .
  • 75. SNG Cop. 523524; . Strab. XVII. 3. 7. . , (Hopwood 2007, 88).
  • 76 63 . 88 ., .
  • 77 . . (Hardy 1924, 79; Harvey 1972, 111112) , 111 . (Crawford 1991, No. 2, 1. 81), -, (. Crawford 1991, 176). (Agnes 1943, 3541), . . , ( 40   Cic. Leg. agr. III. 4) . . Harvey 1972, 112113.
  • 78Gurvich 1949, 248249; Sumner 1966, 580; Luzzatto 1966, 97; Harvey 1972, 42, 115; Gruen 1974, 396397; Brunt 1988, 241, 266; Drummond 1999, 162 ( , , ).
  • 79Ward 1972, 257.
  • 80 : Gurvich 1949, 248; Sumner 1966, 580581; Gruen 1974, 392.
  • 81Stein 1923, 18081809.
  • 82Sumner 1966, 580.
  • 83Münzer 1923, 1761.
  • 84Sumner 1966, 580, n. 63. , (Ward 1972, 252253; Harvey 1972, 217219).
  • 85Geiger 1973, 155156.
  • 86Sumner 1966, 572. , , , 63 . . : , , . -, , . , : , . . Taylor 1942b, 422423; Harvey 1972, 191195.
  • 87Ward 1972, 253254.
  • 88. Cic. Prov. cons. 1830, ; .
  • 89 . Klebs 1894, 19781979. (Cic. Planc. 25; Schol. Bob. 156 St.) (Cic. Leg. II. 6). (Cic. Fam. VI. 12. 3).
  • 90 . Syme 1938, 113125, Tyrrell 1970, 34, 16; Harvey 1972, 195197.
  • 91 . Luzzatto 1966, 98102.
  • 92Gruen 1974, 394.
  • 93Drummond 1999, 158.
  • 94 . Brunt 1988, 256273.
  • 95., , . 133 . (Plut. Tib. Gr. 1012; App. BC. I. 12), . (Ascon. 72 C; Dio Cass. XXXVI. 30. 12), .   67 . (Ascon. 58, 7172 C), 62 . (Plut. Cat. Min. 2628; Dio Cass. XXXVII. 43), 59 ., , - (Dio Cass. XXXVIII. 6; Cic. Sest. 113; Vat. 5, . Suet. Iul. 30. 3). , 60 ., , , (Dio Cass. XXXVI. 50. 13).
  • 96Lyubimova 2013, 136157.
  • 97, , 73 ., , -, (. Lyubimova 2015a, 5866).
  • 98Epstein 1987, 1417; Barry 2005, 3944.
  • 99Epstein 1987, 78.
  • 100 . Epstein 1987, 67.
  • 101 . Khrustalyov 2015, 505508.
  • 102 . .
  • 103. Cic. Att. I. 1. 24; Acad. II. 1. 3; Plut. Cic. 11; Stockton 1971, 83; Mitchell 1979, 170176.
  • 104. Taylor 1942a, 14, 1920; Sumner 1966, 579.
  • 105, , . .
  • 106 . Lyubimova 2015a, 58, . 88.
  • 107Ward 1972, 248.
  • 108. , . 28.
  • 109Lyubimova 2015b, 172173.
  • 110Lyubimova 2017, 7277, 8788.
  • 111 . Bugaeva 2010, 8191.
  • 112Brunt 1957, 193195; Seager 1964, 346347; Gruen 1974, 138; Drummond 1999, 156157.
  • 113Mitchell 1979, 167; Rawson 1991, 413414; Ward 1977, 145151.
  • 114Ascon. 93 C: Dicit de malis civibus: Qui postea quam illo conati erant Hispaniensi pugiunculo nervos incidere civium Romanorum non potuerunt, duas uno tempore conantur in rem publicam sicas destringere.
  • 115Ascon. 93C: Hispaniensem pugiunculum Cn. Pisonem appellat, quem in Hispania occisum esse dixi. Duas sicas Catilinam et Antonium appellari manifestum est.
  • 116Lyubimova 2015b, 169171.
  • 117. , . 108.
  • 118, 76 . . , (Ascon. 84 C; Plut. Caes. 23), Gruen 1974, 138 Drummond 1999, 158. (Suet. Iul. 73), ; , .
  • 119 , , , . . Stone 1998, 487491.
  • 120 Stockton 1971, 89; Mitchell 1979, 184.
  • 121, , 59 . (Dio Cass. XXXVIII. 10. 4), 49 . , (Cic. Phil. II. 56; Dio Cass. XLVI. 15. 2; - : Cic. Phil. II. 99). , 64 . (Drummond 1999, 156).
  • 122 12 64 . (Cic. Leg. agr. II. 1113), , . - . , : , (loc. cit.), .
  • 123Gorenshtein 1949, 423, . 4; Tyrrell, Purser 1904, 187; Shackleton Bailey 1977, 280281. . Ward 1977, 199201 ( : 200, n. 2426).
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